Myopia, unlike normal vision, occurs when the cornea is too curved or the eye is too long. This causes light to focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurry distance vision.
Myopia is a very common condition that affects a large portion of the U.S. population. It normally starts to appear between the ages of eight and twelve, and almost always before the age of twenty. As the body grows, the condition often worsens. It typically stabilizes in adulthood.
In young people, myopia is diagnosed during school screenings. Sometimes parents notice that their children are having difficulty seeing street signs or the television. A visual acuity test will determine your ability to see sharply and clearly at all distances.
Glasses and contact lenses are used by many for the correction of myopia. There are also a number of surgical procedures available for reducing or eliminating myopia.
Refractive surgery (LASIK, PRK, or Clear Lens Extraction) is appropriate for patients that wish to reduce or eliminate their dependence on eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Other types of refractive errors include: farsightedness and presbyopia.