Filtration surgery, also called trabeculectomy, is a treatment for several types of glaucoma including open-angle and narrow-angle glaucoma. It is often performed on patients who have not responded well to medication or laser treatment. Filtration surgery usually provides a dramatic reduction in pressure within the eye.
Filtration surgery is for those:
- who have been diagnosed with glaucoma
- in whom medical treatment is no longer effective
- whose doctor has determined that filtration surgery is an appropriate treatment for their condition
What to expect on surgery day:
You will arrive at the hospital several hours prior to your procedure. Once you have been checked-in, you will be prepared for surgery. The area around your eyes will be cleaned and a sterile drape will be applied. You may be given a sedative to help you relax. Your eye will be numbed with topical or a local anesthesia.
Using advanced microsurgical techniques and equipment, your doctor will create a tiny new channel between the inside of your eye and the outside of your eye.
A small section of tissue will be removed, creating a channel, to allow fluid to pass through the blocked drainage network onto the white (sclera) of the eye. The incision will be closed with small stitches and covered with the thin outer tissue of the eye, called the conjunctiva.
A small area under the conjunctiva will collect a pool of fluid called a bleb. Blood vessels in the conjunctiva will carry the draining fluid away.
To keep the drainage channel open, your doctor may apply an extremely small dose of a chemotherapeutic agent to the new filter. Your eye pressure will be checked shortly after your procedure and drops may be prescribed to alleviate any soreness or swelling inside the eye. You should go home and relax for the rest of the day. Most patients resume normal activities within a few days.
Follow-up visits are necessary to monitor your eye pressure. It may take a few weeks to see the full pressure-lowering effect of this procedure, and adjustments may need to be made to the filter during this period. These adjustments may include:
- injection of small amounts of chemotherapeutic agents
- loosening or removal of one or more stitches
- finger pressure to the eye to force fluid through the filter
- numbing the eye and opening the channel slightly with a fine instrument
- placing a contact lens over the eye
The success rate for this type of surgery is approximately 80 percent in cases where no surgery has been done on the eye before. However, everyone's eyes are unique and many people do require further treatments. In more difficult cases where even filtration surgery does not prevent damage to the ocular nerve, it may be necessary to perform other types of procedures.
Serious complications with filtration surgery are extremely rare, but like any surgical procedure, it does have some risks.